Discussion board – Week 2

Discussion board – Week 2
Behavioral and Cultural Issues in Healthcare- course name
Analyze a Health Theory or Model
As a health professional, it is important to understand the theories and models that underlie your work. They can be indispensable in guiding your decisions and actions. In this Discussion, you will apply a health theory or model to the levels of influence in the social ecology of health model.
To prepare for this Discussion:
Review the following models and theories from Chapter 4 of the text and Part 2 of ” Theory at a Glance”:
The Health Belief Model
Theory of Planned Behavior
Transtheoretical/Stages of Change Model
Social Cognitive Theory
Diffusion of Innovation Theory
Review the social ecology of health model with its associated theories by completing the following exercise:
Select of the models or theories from the list above that coincides with one of the five hierarchical levels in the social ecology of health model.
Reflect upon how the model or theory explains a health condition associated with the previously Healthy People assigned focus area.
By Day 4, post a comprehensive response to the following:
In your own words, describe one way that the chosen theory explains your Healthy People assigned focus area. Use terms from the model or theory in your explanation, and be sure to cite your sources appropriately.
Now state the hierarchical level or levels (i.e., interpersonal, intrapersonal, organizational, community, and society) in the social ecology of health model that corresponds with your chosen theory. Please explain why it is related to the hierarchical level(s).
Be sure to cite your supporting documentation appropriately in correct APA format.
Required Resources
Interactive Exercise: Laureate Education, Inc. (2010). The social ecology of health model: Theories and models. Retrieved from http://mym.cdn.laureate-media.com/Walden/HLTH/2110/04/mm/hlth2110_seh_model_2.html
This interactive exercise will deepen your understanding of general health theories and how they correspond to the levels of the social ecology of health model. It requires you to drag a theory associated with the model to its corresponding level in the hierarchy.
Course Text: Social and Behavioral Foundations of Public Health
Chapter 4, “Behavioral and Social Science Theory”
This chapter explains health theories and models that are dominant in the field. It also maps each theory or model to a level of the social ecology of health model. Key concepts in social science research and practice are also addressed.
Chapter 6, “The Social Environment and Health”
The social environment (human groups, social systems, and institutional settings) is analyzed in the context of the social ecology of health model.
Article: National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2005). Theory at a glance: A guide for health promotion practice.
This week, read “Part 2: Theories and Applications” (pp. 9–31).
Article: Pasick, R. J., Burke, N. J., Barker, J. C., Joseph, G., Bird, J. A., …Guerra, C. (2009). Behavioral theory in a diverse society: Like a compass on Mars. Health Education and Behavior, 36(Suppl. 1). Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
This purpose of this study was to test behavioral theory constructs (perceived benefit, perceived susceptibility, self-efficacy, intention, and subjective norms) to investigate the use of mammography in the context of five ethnic groups.
Optional Resources
Article: Loerzel, V. W., & Bushy, A. (2005). Interventions that address cancer health disparities in women. Family and Community Health, 28(1), 79–89.
Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
Center to Reduce Cancer Health Disparities, National Cancer Institute
Week 2 Discussion
The Impact of Psychosocial Health
Psychosocial, or psycological health “…is the sum of how we think, feel, relate, and exist in our day-to-day lives” (Donatelle, 2013, p. 28). People who experience positive psychosocial health are able to respond to negative situations with resilience. Characteristics of a person with positive psychosocial health include: positive self-esteem; a strong sense of self; social confidence; effective management of stress, anxiety, and demands on life; a positive outlook on life; valuing diversity; and a respectful attitude toward others and their environments (pp. 28–29).
Psychosocial health can have a significant impact on personal health and wellness, such as a sleep deprivation, stress, and addiction. Stress is one dimension of psychosocial health that is characterized as a “mental and physical response and adaptation by our bodies to the real or perceived changes and challenges in our lives” (Donatelle, 2013, pp. 57). Individual stress responses may lead to sleep deprivation and chronic physical conditions such as ulcers or high blood pressure. It may also lead people to engage in coping strategies that may be unhealthy. For example, a person who is experiencing a high level of stress may seek solace in alcohol, nicotine, food, or other substances to which he or she may become addicted.
To sustain or improve psychosocial health, it is essential that individuals learn effective coping behaviors to reduce and manage stress. Such behaviors might include exercise, relaxation techniques, or meditation. Effective coping behaviors can have a dramatic impact in managing stress and reducing health risks.
To prepare for this Discussion:
Review Chapter 2 inHealth: The basics, 10th edition.Pay attention to the dimension of psychosocial health and how it impacts health and wellness.
Review Chapter 3 in Health: The basics, 10th edition. Consider how stress canimpact psychosocial health and the physical implications of stress. Focus on coping strategies to reduce stress.
Review the media “Dimensions of Health Wheel.” Consider the definition and characteristics of psychosocial health.
Review the media “Dimensions of Health Wheel.” Reflect on the relationship between stress and personal health and wellness. Consider strategies you use to manage stress.
Review the article “The emotional brain and sleep: An intimate relationship.” Consider the impact of sleep deprivation on personal health and wellness.
With these thoughts in mind:
Select one of the three Discussion Questions.
By Day 4, post a description of the strategies you use to manage stress and explain why you use them. Then explain whether your strategies are similar or different from the strategies in the Learning Resources and explain why yours may be just as effective. Finally, explain which strategy you consider to be most important in improving health and wellness, and why.
By Day 4, post an explanation of the relationship between sleep and stress. Provide two examples from either your personal experience or the current literature. Then, explain how sleep might impact health and wellness, and why.
By Day 4, post an explanation of the how addictive behaviors can impact health and wellness. Provide two examples. Then, explain two psychosocial factors that might influence addictive behaviors.
Week 2 AssignmenT
Application: Your Psychosocial Health
As previously discussed, psychosocial health can have varying impacts on an individual’s personal health and wellness. As a future professional in the field of health, it is important for you to assess your own level of psychosocial health and consider what areas you may want to adjust in order to improve or enhance your personal health and wellness.
For this Application Assignment, you complete three psychosocial assessments.
To prepare for this Application Assignment:
Complete the following assessments in Health: The basics, 10th edition:
Chapter 2 Personal Health Assessment “Stay Psychologically Healthy: Test Your Coping Skills”
Chapter 3 Personal Health Assessment “What’s Your Stress Level?”
Chapter 3 Personal Health Assessment “Are You Sleeping Well?”
Reflect on your responses to the assessments and consider the areas in which you may want to improve or enhance your psychosocial health.
To complete this Application Assignment (2–3 pages):
Summarize any insights you gained as a result of taking the Personal Health Assessment.
Explain which areas of your psychosocial health you want to improve or enhance based upon your assessment and why.
Support your work with specific citations from this week’s Learning Resources and additional scholarly sources as appropriate. Refer to the Essential Guide to APA Style for Walden Students to ensure that your in-text citations and reference list are correct.
Submit your Application Assignment by Day 7.
Required Resources
Donatelle, R. J. (2013). Health: The basics, 10th edition. San Francisco, CA: Pearson Benjamin Cummings.
Chapter 2, “Promoting and Preserving Your Psychological Health”
Chapter 3 “Managing Stress and Coping with Life’s Challenges”
Vandekerckhove, M., & Cluydts, R. (2010). The emotional brain and sleep: An intimate relationship. Sleep Medicine Reviews, 14(4), 219–226.
Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
Laureate Education, Inc. (Executive Producer). (2012). Personal Health and Wellness: Dimensions of Health Wheel[Multimedia], Baltimore, MD: Author.
Dimensions of Health: Week 2
Optional Resources
McFadden, K. M. (2010). Cross-addiction: from morbid obesity to substance abuse. Bariatric Nursing and Surgical Patient Care, 5(2), 145–178.
Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

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