Environmental science paper

Environmental science paper

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discuss three things you learned from the slide presentation on plastic bags? If you were given the opportunity to address the public-at-large, what would be your recommendation regarding the use of plastic bags? In your closing remarks, include a short catchy phase, slogan, poem, or any other creative statement to emphasize your point of view.
Data released by the United States Environmental Protection Agency shows that somewhere between 500 billion and a trillion plastic bags are consumed worldwide each year.
National Geographic News September 2, 2003
Less than 1% of bags are recycled. It cost more to recycle a bag than to produce a new one.
– Christian Science Monitor News Paper
There’s harsh economics behind bag recycling: It costs $4,000 to process and recycle 1 ton of plastic bags, which can then be sold on the commodities market for $32
– Jared Blumenfeld
(Director of San Francisco’s Department of the Environment)
Where Do They Go?
A study in 1975, showed oceangoing vessels together dumped 8 million pounds of plastic annually. The real reason that the world’s landfills weren’t overflowing with plastic was because most of it ended up in an ocean-fill
– U.S. National Academy of Sciences
Bags get blown around
to different parts of our lands
and to our seas, lakes and rivers.
Bags find their way into the sea via drains and sewage pipes
CNN.com/technology November 16, 2007
Plastic bags have been found floating north of the Arctic Circle near Spitsbergen, and as far south as the Falkland Islands
– British Antarctic Survey
Plastic bags account for over 10 percent of the debris washed up on the U.S. coastline
– National Marine Debris Monitoring Program
Plastic bags photo degrade:
Over time they break down into smaller, more toxic petro-polymers
CNN.com/technology November 16, 2007
which eventually contaminate soils and waterways
CNN.com/technology November 16, 2007
As a consequence microscopic particles can enter the food chain
CNN.com/technology November 16, 2007
The effect on wildlife can be catastrophic
World Wildlife Fund Report 2005
Birds become terminally entangled
World Wildlife Fund Report 2005
Nearly 200 different species of sea life including whales, dolphins, seals and turtles die due to plastic bags
World Wildlife Fund Report 2005
They die after ingesting plastic bags which they mistake for food
World Wildlife Fund Report 2005
What do we do?
If we use a cloth bag,
we can save 6 bags a week
That’s 24 bags a month
That’s 288 bags a year
That’s 22,176 bags
in an average life time
If just 1 out of 5 people in our country did this
we would save
1,330,560,000,000 bags
over our life time
Bangladesh has
banned plastic bags
MSNBC.com March 8, 2007
China has banned free plastic bags
CNN.com/asia January 9, 2008
Ireland took the lead in Europe, taxing plastic bags in 2002 and have now reduced plastic bag consumption by 90%
BBC News August 20, 2002
In 2005 Rwanda
banned plastic bags
– Associated Press
Israel, Canada, western India, Botswana, Kenya, Tanzania, South Africa, Taiwan, and Singapore have also banned or are moving toward banning the plastic bag
PlanetSave.com February 16, 2008
On March 27th 2007, San Francisco becomes first U.S. city to ban plastic bags
NPR.org (National Public Radio)
Oakland and Boston are considering a ban
The Boston Globe May 20, 2007
Plastic shopping bags are
made from polyethylene:
a thermoplastic made from oil
– CNN.com/technology November 16, 2007
Reducing plastic bags will decrease
foreign oil dependency
China will save 37 million barrels of oil each year due to their ban of free plastic bags
CNN.com/asia January 9, 2008
It is possible…



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